托福口语话题科技素材清算

来源:www.q2pc.com    作者:886棋牌    人气:    发布时间:2019-05-20    

  Some people believe that modern technology has made our lives simpler. Others believethat modern technology has made our lives more complicated. What is your opinion?

  There is a certain attitude about the application of science to human life with which I have some sympathy, though I do not, in the last analysis, agree with it. It is the attitude of those who dread what is ‘unnatural.’ Rousseau is, of course, the great protagonist of the view in Europe. In Asia, Lao-Tze has set it forth even more persuasively, and 2400 years sooner. I think there is a mixture of truth and falsehood in the admiration of ‘nature, which it is important to disentangle. To begin with, what is ‘natural?’ Roughly speaking, anything to which the speaker was accustomed in childhood. Lao-Tze objects to roads and carriages and boats, all of which were probably unknown in the village where he was born

  科学在增进柔美的起劲身分方面所能做的工作,很也许是没有尽头的。卫生前提已经获得极大的改进;不管那些怀旧者怎样哀叹,与十八世纪任何阶层和民族对比,我们事实延迟了寿命并镌汰了疾病。只要把我们已有的常识稍加普及地应用,我们就会比此刻越发康健。将来的发明很也许会极大地加速这方面的历程。

  卢梭对这些对象习觉得常,以是并不以为它们是违背天然的。可是,若是他在有生之年望见铁路,他无疑会大加指责。打扮和烹调由来已久,大大都倡导天然的人都不提出贰言,固然它们同等阻挡格式翻新。节育被当成犯法,而单身则被宽容,由于前者是违背天然的新事物,尔后者则古已有之。在全部这些方面,那些倡导‘天然’的人都是自相抵牾的,这只能使人把它们当作是保守之士。

  迄今为止,对我们糊口影响最大的当数天然科学,可是在未来,心理学和生理学的影响很也许远在它之上。当我们发明白性格怎样依靠于心理前提时,只要我们乐意,我们就能发生出大量我们所称羡的那种人。智力,欢乐捕鱼棋牌,艺术手段,仁慈---全部这些对象无疑可因科学而增进。只要人们明智地操作科学,在缔造柔美天下方面所能做的工作,险些是没有尽头的。

  There is probably no limit to what science can do in the way of increasing positive excellence. Health has already been greatly improved; in spite of the lamentations of those who idealize the past, we live longer and have fewer illnesses than any class or nation in the eighteenth century. With a little more application of the knowledge we already possess, we might be much healthier than we are. And future discoveries are likely to accelerate this process enormously.

  Nevertheless, there is something to be said in their favor. Take for instance vitamins, the discovery of which has produced a revulsion in favor of ‘natural’ foods. It seems, however, that vitamins can be supplied by cod-liver oil and electric light, which are certainly not part of the ‘natural’ diet of a human being. This case illustrates that, in the absence of knowledge, unexpected harm may be done by a new departure from nature, but when the harm has come to be understood it can usually be remedied by some new artificiality. As regards our physical environment and our physical means of gratifying our desires, I do not think the doctrine of ‘nature’ justifies anything beyond a certain experimental caution in the adoption of new expedients. Clothes, for instance, are contrary to nature, and need to be supplemented by another unnatural practice, namely washing, if they are not to bring disease. But the two practices together make a man healthier than the savage who eschews both.

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责任编辑:886棋牌